Item: Georgia State Seal Coat Button
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / N Y" dm
Construction: Convex, two-piece.
Approximate size: 23 mm.
Condition: Excellent, excavated, secure shank present. This solid coat button has an orange/brown/black mottled patina. Some of the letters of "Constitution" are visible on the arch as well as some of the letters of "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation" found on the pillars. It has no pushes, cracks, breaks, or repairs.
Recovered: Orange County, VA
Reference: Tice: GA206A1 Albert: GA 4
Comments: According to "Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776-1865" by Warren K. Tice, regarding the button design, "The (Georgia) legislature adopted Georgia’s state seal in 1799. Military buttons of the state depict the seal’s obverse, or coat of arms side with the three classical pillars supporting an arch bearing the word “Constitution.” The design symbolizes the legislative, judicial, and executive departments of government supporting the constitution. Banners inscribed “Wisdom,” “Justice,” and “Moderation” are wrapped on the pillars. At the side of one pillar a militiaman stands with a drawn sword, signifying defense of the constitution by state military forces." It was acquired directly from the digger and will be an excellent addition to any excavated Civil War button or general relic collection.
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Call or Text: 804-873-5462