Item: Federal 12-Pounder Bormann Fuzed Case-Shot Shell
Construction: Cast iron with zinc fuse, lead case-shot balls, and asphalt matrix.
Approximate size: Weight: 9.6 pounds. Diameter: 4.52 inches.
Condition: Good, excavated. The iron is stable with overall moderate pitting. The Bormann time fuze is present and appears un-punched with the number "2" and several hash marks visible. The 7/8 inch hole in the side of the shell is where the shell was drilled for deactivation.
Recovered: Amelia County, VA
Comments: Typically, deactivation drill holes in shells are too small to allow a view of the contents of the shell, with this shell, the larger drill hole allows not only a view of the lead case-shot balls and asphalt matrix, but also the ability to touch them. Its un-punched Bormann time fuze indicates that it was likely never fired. According to the artillery reference book "Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War", by Dickey and George, "After April 1862, almost every Federal 12-pounder Smoothbore shell fired had a Bormann fuze in it, making this the "most common" explosive shell of the War". For information on the Bormann fuze, see the scan in the additional images of page 441 from the above mentioned artillery reference book. This artillery case-shot will be an excellent addition to any excavated Civil War artillery or general relic collection.
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