Item: Federal Dragoon Coat Button - Pre-Civil War
Backmark: ". SCOVILLS . / WATERBURY" dm
Construction: Low convex, two-piece.
Approximate size: 19 mm.
Condition: Excellent, excavated, secure shank present. The button has a very pleasing rich dark brown patina with no pushes, cracks, breaks, or repairs.
Recovered: Quantico, VA area along the Potomac River.
Reference: Tice: DR206A13 Albert: DR 3
Comments: This dragoon coat button was manufactured in the 1830s-1840s and examples like this one are recovered from Civil War sites. It is a high quality excavated example and will be an excellent addition to any excavated Civil War button or general relic collection.
Additional information: According to "Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776-1865" by Warren K. Tice, regarding Federal Mounted Services and Dragoons:
"During the 19th Century, the mounted services went through a series of functional changes. The early Dragoons were heavily armed, mounted shock troops, while mounted riflemen were essentially infantry who dismounted to fight at long range. Cavalry were a more highly mobile, lightly armed force which acted as the eyes and ears of large armies. During the last years of the Civil War, mobile cavalry armed with repeating carbines fought dismounted to harass and impede enemy troop movements."
"Congress authorized troops to serve as light dragoons during the Revolutionary War, but the arm was disbanded after peace was restored. The Army organized the 1st Dragoon Regiment in 1833, and the 2nd Dragoons were formed in 1836. The 2nd Dragoons were converted to mounted riflemen in 1842. At the beginning of the Civil War, the Dragoon and Riflemen arms were abolished and the two old regiments were transformed into the 1st and 2nd U.S. Cavalry Regiments. Dragoons were engaged in mobile operations against the western Indians, and served south of the Rio Grande during the Mexican War. Jefferson Davis, later Confederate President, served as a dragoon officer."
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