M-1855 Bayonet with Federal Issue Steel Scabbard

This excavated model 1855 bayonet with a federal issue steel scabbard is a relic you won't see very often. Recovered in Spotsylvania County, VA in the area of Goshen Church, it is in very good condition. According to Robert M. Reilly's "American Socket Bayonets and Scabbards", on page 161, "As the Civil War progressed, a certain amount of experimentation appears to have been implemented in scabbard design and utilization by the Ordnance Department. Amongst the earliest of these was the introduction sometime in 1862 of a steel scabbard body based on the 30 April 1862 patent of J. E. Emerson of Newark, New Jersey, which specified a steel scabbard for the "…angular bayonet commonly used with the Springfield rifle-musket.”.” In the additional images of this relic is an image of page 161 showing the entire section on the “J.E. Emerson Patent Steel Scabbard”. The bayonet clearly spent decades in the elements, inside the scabbard, as the steel scabbard has somewhat melded itself to the bayonet from rusting as this can mainly be seen in the throat area of the scabbard. The fit is very tight and with more severe rusting at the scabbard’s throat. Remarkably, this area is still fairly solid to the touch. Also present, and pictured, is the small drain hole found at the scabbard’s tip. The socket's locking ring and screw are still present. This very solid bayonet and steel scabbard will be an excellent addition to any excavated Civil War bayonet, edged weapon, or general relic collection.



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