This Model 1863 .50 caliber Maynard carbine, 2nd Model, is in good condition. The breech-loading Maynard carbine used a metallic cartridge and was invented by New Jersey doctor Edward Maynard who patented his first model carbine in 1851. During the Civil War, the U.S. Ordnance Department contracted for over 20,000 single shot, percussion, .50 caliber, and 2nd Model carbines. Produced by the Massachusetts Arms Company of Chicopee, Mass, these carbines were issued to Federal cavalry. The Maynard was a lightweight, very serviceable and dependable carbine that saw extensive use in the field. The carbine was also widely regarded as one of the best performing and most accurate of all the cavalry arms used during the Civil War.
The first 5,000 Maynard carbines manufactured were the 1st Model that included a patchbox and tape primer. The 2nd Model example offered in this listing has a serial number “7870” stamped into the tang of its trigger guard. This likely indicates, that of the 20,000 2nd Model Maynards ordered, it was one of the initial 3,000 examples produced. Its total length is approximately 36-3/4 inches with a 20 inch barrel. The walnut stock is in good, original condition and bears two very fine government cartouches on the left side wrist area. There are dings with one small gouge 7/8 inch long on the right side of the wrist area. Near the tang of the stock’s butt plate on the left side are three carved 3/4 – 1-1/2 inch straight lines that appear to be in the shape of a letter “A”. It is fitted with a sling bar and saddle ring on the left side of the breech frame and has the folding two-leaf rear sight. The stock has a slightly curved iron butt plate. The round barrel has a partial octagonal breech stamped “G.W.S” on left flat area and exhibits an even brown patina with areas of grey primarily in the area of the frame. The receiver / barrel hinge pin is tight and strong with no play in lever operation. All stampings on the right side of the frame are clear and read, “MANUFACTURED BY / MASS. ARMS CO. / CHICOPEE FALLS.” in three lines. The left side of the frame is clearly stamped “EDWARD MAYNARD . / PATENTEE . / MAY 27 . 1851. / DEC . 6 . 1859 .” in four lines. This carbine exhibits strong mechanics.
Between the low serial number and the overall wear primarily on the stock, I can only surmise that this particular Maynard carbine saw plenty action. It will be an excellent addition to any Civil War firearm, weapon, or general relic collection.
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